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Feast of the First Harvest of Barley (Firstfruits)


On that day, the priest performed the shaking of the sheaf before YHWH/ Yahuah:

“17 ‘Bring from your dwellings for a wave offering two loaves of bread, of two-tenths of an ĕphah of fine flour they are, baked with leaven, first-fruits to Yahuah.” Leviticus 23:17

The Israelites gave thanks for the beginning of the harvest, thus hoping for further blessings. On the same day, 16 Abib, at the beginning of the so-called “our era,” YHWH [Yahuah] raised His Son Yahusha the Messiah from the dead. He was raised and exalted as the “first fruit” of the resurrection.

He defeated death and gave such hope to all followers of Yahuah:

Leviticus 23:10-11

The Passover and the barley harvest were closely related. The sacrifice of the first sheaf of the harvest, as we said earlier, fell on the 16th of Abib, the first day after the Sabbath, on the 2nd Day of Unleavened Bread, the Day of Firstfruits. This is the day of the resurrection of our Master, who was the “firstfruit from the dead”:

“20 But now Messiah has been raised from the dead, and has become the first-fruit of those having fallen asleep.”
1 Cor. 15:20

18 And He is the Head of the body, the assembly, who is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that He might become the One who is first in all.
Colossians 1:18

By the time the wheat harvest was over, Ruth was living with her mother-in-law, so the marriage of the Bridegroom and the Bride had not taken place. During Yahusha’s lifetime, here on earth, the barley harvest was underway and slowly coming to an end. During this first harvest, Yahusha searched for the lost sheep.

“24 And He answering, said, “I was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Yisra’ĕl.” Matthew 15:24

He sought them out and exhorted all His sheep to draw near to Him and follow His voice.

1 And after this the Master appointed seventy others, and sent them two by two ahead of Him into every city and place where He Himself was about to go.

2 Then He said to them, “The harvest indeed is great, but the workers are few, therefore pray the Master of the harvest to send out workers into His harvest.”

Luke 10:1-2


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